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Showing posts with label Career Advice. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Career Advice. Show all posts

27 March 2020

What are the Purposes of Career Counseling and How to Do Student Counseling ? A Compete Research Paper by Dr. Radhika Kapur

Career Guidance and Student Counseling

By: Dr. Radhika Kapur (A Research Paper)

Published By: WWW.GovtJobsPortal.IN

Abstract: Career guidance and student counseling is an extremely broad and a comprehensive concept, in order to implement this task effectively there are number of factors that need to be taken under consideration. The guidance regarding ones career and the counseling of students involves a conversation between a career counselor; who should be an expert in his field, he should possess all the skills, abilities, knowledge and information regarding the job openings, prospects, opportunities that are available and possess the ability to effectively communicate with the person who is seeking counseling and guidance.

On the other hand, the students or job seekers or a person who is already engaged in employment and is willing to make a transformation is required to posses effective communication skills, a pleasant personality, an approachable nature, an amiable attitude, should be well qualified and possess the required skills and abilities to work and get engaged into an employment setting.

career counceling

18 June 2019

Getting Ready for Upcoming Career Opportunities in Banks -How and Why to Prepare for Banking Careers in India

How to Prepare for Banking Careers in India

There are few prestigious careers in the country which are possible with a qualification as simple as graduation. One is Civil Services for which the process is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) every year. The other is a career in government-owned banks which may be possible by qualifying in the Bank written examination conducted by the Institute of Banking Personnel Selection (IBPS) and SBI. This employment article is about the latter. Banks in India, particularly the government-owned (Public Sector) banks provide an excellent career option for young people, so there is no surprise that more and more young people are drawn towards them for a meaningful and long-lasting career. When a small survey was conducted amongst jobseekers to understand why they are keen to join a government bank, the following points were made most commonly:

- The eligibility norms are simple
- The selection process is completely transparent, democratic and fair
- The selection process is completed in a time bound manner
- The service conditions are well defined with pay, allowances and other benefits to the employees
- There are good opportunities for promotion
- In our social structure working in a bank is considered much prestigious
- Opportunities are available across the country

Getting Ready for Upcoming Career Opportunities in Banks

Few other positive observations were also made. But whatever has been said above should be enough to consider banking as a career for those who possess the required aptitude.

The way banks have expanded their network in the country has few parallels in the world. In July 1969, 14 major banks of the country were nationalized. The next phase of nationalization happened in 1980 when 6 more banks were nationalized. Banks were asked to play a major role in socio-economic development of our nation. A large number of bank branches were opened in villages and in other far-off areas which have been hitherto unrepresented in banking facilities. After the merger of Dena Bank and Vijaya Bank in Bank of Baroda, now there are 18 nationalized banks.

Regional Rural Banks came into existence through an ordinance issued in the year 1975. This ordinance was replaced by Regional Rural Banks Act in 1976. After reorganization now there are about 55 RRBs in the country.

Since a large number of people work in these (public sector/regional rural) banks, there is a regular turnover of employees. A number of employees superannuate, many get promoted to higher positions and few moves to other organizations. To fill the gap so caused, these banks have to recruit fresh people periodically and therein lies the opportunity for our young friends who want to have a career in banking.

Basically, banks have three levels of employment for freshers-subordinate staff, clerks, and officers. There are very limited vacancies for subordinates' position and selection doesn't take place on all India basis. So, in this article, we're going to cover the selection process for general banking officers and clerks only. A major segment of these employees in banks, directly attends to customer requirements. A smaller section is involved in back-office activities, general or remote administration etc.

There are separate examinations for RRBs and PSBs under the aegis of IBPS. Again the selection process for both clerks and officers is segregated for both set of the above banks. Please note that the selection test for State Bank of India is conducted separately.

In RRBs clerical positions come under group 'B' with the nomenclature of 'office assistant multi-purpose'. The eligibility criteria for both clerks and officers is a bachelor's degree in any discipline and proficiency in local language as prescribed by the participating RRB/s. Working knowledge of the computer is desirable. In the case of officers position in RRBs, those having a degree in Agriculture/ Pisciculture/ Agricultural marketing and cooperation/Animal husbandry/ Forestry/Veterinary science/ Horticulture/Agricultural marketing/ Agricultural engineering/ Accountancy/ Law/Management or information technology.

The recruitment examination is divided into preliminary and main examination both for clerks and officers. The preliminary examination for clerks have questions from reasoning and numerical ability. For officers, it is reasoning and quantitative aptitude. In all 80 questions are to be attempted in composite time of 45 minutes.

The main examination for clerks contain questions relating to reasoning, numerical ability, general awareness, English and Hindi language and computer knowledge. For officers, the section of numerical ability is replaced by quantitative aptitude.

For public sector banks the preliminary examination for clerical positions is conducted with questions in English language, numerical ability, and reasoning ability and the main examination consists of general/ financial awareness, general English, reasoning ability and computer aptitude. The number of questions in preliminary examination is 100 with a time of 1 hour. In the main examination, 190 questions are to be answered in 160 minutes.

For officers posts in public sector banks the preliminary examination has three sections of English language, quantitative aptitude and reasoning ability. The main examination is in reasoning and computer aptitude, general/ economy/ banking awareness, English language, data analysis and interpretation.

Tests may have a similar name but structure and difficulty level of the question may vary depending on the position for which the exam is conducted and whether it is a preliminary or main examination.

Only those who qualify in the preliminary examination are intimated to appear in the main examination. The candidate has to secure minimum marks in each segment. The cumulative score has to be higher to stand in the merit list. In the case of officers, for successful candidates in the main examination, there is an interview. For clerical positions, there is no interview, as per government guidelines issued about two years ago.

Test details and strategy for preparation

Reasoning: Reasoning questions are mainly about common sense and logical thinking. The idea is to test candidates' analytical and logical reasoning skills. You will be asked to interpret statements, data, and information to arrive at conclusions. Here your conceptual and theoretical knowledge has no role to play. The thinking has to concentrate on the question only. You should make sure that your biases or personal beliefs don't come in between and are kept aside. Questions relating to reasoning are in different forms such as arrangements, critical reasoning, visual reasoning, data sufficiency/insufficiency, syllogism, odd man out, completing the series.

Numerical ability: How to make sense of numbers is the key theme in the questions pertaining to numerical ability. You may expect simple arithmetical problems and complicated calculations under this section. Areas of expected questions are simplification; average; percentage, time, speed and distance, number series; profit and loss, simple and compound interest; ratio and proportion, time and work etc. To prepare for this section you have to revisit your maths syllabus of matric i.e. 10th standard. Recall the formulae and clarify your concepts of BODMAS etc. Strong foundation in mathematics will be of immense help here. With some efforts you can score very well in this section, increasing your overall score which is crucial to put you in the merit list.

Quantitative aptitude: Quantitative aptitude covers numerical ability and focuses upon solving quantitative problems. Based on the given data/inputs you'll be required to find the correct answer. There may be a few questions for which sufficient data wouldn't be there to answer. Once you're sure about this, you should choose the option conveying this. The syllabus includes the topics narrated under numerical ability above. Add to this questions on topics like partnerships, boats and streams, volume and surface area, price after discount, age, mixture, train etc. Expect more of descriptive problems here. Try to familiarize yourself with all sorts of questions expected in this section and learn to solve these methodically. You may have a good understanding of theories behind the questions but more important is to apply those theories in solving lot of questions so that you get a knack of these.

General awareness: This section intends to test your knowledge about important facts and milestones about India and the world. Questions may relate to History (important dates/ milestones etc.), Geography (countries, capitals, cities, mountains, rivers etc.), Science (inventions, inventors, definitions etc.), Literature (books/authors), Art, Entertainment (film/theatre etc.), Sports (tournaments, championships, records, winners, venues etc.), important personalities, important events, international bodies, acronyms and other topics. Like it is always said general awareness has no boundaries and thus it appears to be difficult to be fully prepared for this. Still it is advisable to make your preparation as extensive as possible. To do well in this section you may build your own reference source in the form of a diary.

Financial awareness: Banking and finance are closely related. This section will have questions related to the national and global economy, financial institutions, corporate world, stock market etc. To prepare for this section you have to focus on concepts as well as financial data. For example, you need to know what is inflation and what has been the inflation rate recently. You may refer to one or more financial newspaper to prepare well.

Banking awareness: This particular section will have questions from banking world relating to different types of banks (public, private, cooperative, payment, development, small), banking regulator, basic /generic banking products and services, the purpose of bank nationalization, bank mergers, issues, and challenges before banks, government schemes implemented through banks, Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, bancassurance, monetary policy etc.Government policy announcements, financial inclusion, financial literacy, role of NABARD/SIDBI etc. Visit the Reserve Bank of India website to obtain valuable input about most of the above.

English / Hindi language: There are many similarities in the pattern of questions in language papers. One set of questions may be based on comprehension passage. You have to read the passage carefully and then answer the questions according to what is stated in the passage which may be different from general opinion and observations. Some of the questions may be in negative form. (e.g. according to the passage which is not the right solution for _____. In sentence based questions a sentence will be divided in four parts and you'll be required to find if there is any mistake in a particular part. If there are no mistakes, you've to mark your answer accordingly. Where jumbled sentences of a paragraph are given the candidate has to find the correct order. In another type of question, a statement will be made and you have to choose from options the statement which matches with the idea. Questions, where you've to provide correct antonym/synonym, may also be there along with questions relating to idioms and phrases. Fill in the blanks from given options may also need to be attempted.

For officers, in the main examination there is a section of Subjective English of 25 marks in which there would be two questions - one of essay writing and other of letter writing. It would be better if you choose a few themes to practice for this section. Review the letter and essay written by you to see where improvements are needed. Also, show these a couple of other people who can give you constructive feedback. Go through sample essays and letters in a good book on General English.

Start reading national newspapers, magazines, if you're not already in habit of this. There will be some new words. Find out their meaning and see how these words have been used. You may also explore the synonyms and antonyms of these words. Your mind should also be on sentence formation and on the sequencing of the statements in case of long sentences.

Increasing your knowledge of English by learning new words will help you. Every day choose 5-10 unfamiliar words from a dictionary or other sources, write their meanings and refer to these whenever you get time. In this way, you may learn a lot many new words.

Computer knowledge: This test has been added a few years ago. Today's banking widely uses computer applications and programs. As such candidates joining banks are expected to have at least some affinity with computers. Questions under this section may relate to hardware basics (input, output, storage devices ), Windows program (MS Office etc.) features, software and desktop applications, keyboard shortcuts, internet, intranet, networking, database, cyber security etc.

You may have practical knowledge of computers and the internet which of course would help. However, you need to make additional preparation for which you should refer to the glossary of Windows, internet and computer applications etc. Learn about shortcut keys. Also, it's advisable to go through Help/Support page of Windows

This computer test is not to check your technical expertise, rather your awareness about basic computer usage is judged.

Data Interpretation: In this section usually a situation full of data is given. The candidate is required to read the situation closely and then answer all the questions related to it. For one situation there may be 2 to 10 questions. Here the biggest challenge is to read and understand the situation right. Then the possibility of giving correct answer increases. The situation may be in the form of text, tables, pie charts, bar graphs, line graphs etc. So you should be ready to see questions from multiple forms of situations.

27 May 2019

Why women should pursue a career in Civil Engineering - Career Guidance for Women

Why women should pursue a career in Civil Engineering

Career Guidance for Women

The world of engineering is perceived as a male-dominated bastion. When it comes to picking a stream such as civil, mechanical and electrical, girls come across statements such as “this field is not for you”. The skewed gender disparity in the field is still not a valid reason to deter women who want to pursue engineering.

Although there has been a rise in the number of women in the engineering sector, most girls are attracted to IT or computer science. Traditionally, civil engineering has been a male-dominated sector since this profession demands not only the skillsets but also physical endurance. However, with significant technological advancements, this is no longer a deterrent for girls in pursuing a career in civil engineering.

At a construction site, women constitute the labour force, but in an engineering school, there are only a few girls who pick this stream. With several girls determined to break the stereotypes, they are taking up the course and are willingly opting for a job where they are required to work in a construction site.

Why women should pursue a career in Civil Engineering

All girls who have a desire to take up civil engineering stream must not hold themselves back just because of the line drawn by the society to divide the sectors on the basis of gender. If one has the aptitude, nothing can stop them from attaining their goal. Here are five reasons why you should pursue a career in civil engineering:

NOT A PHYSICALLY WEAKER GENDER Women are still seen as the physically weaker gender, although they have already proven their ability to do more than expected. In India, the general belief is that women do not enjoy being in the field, toiling. With changing times, we see women taking up a lot of challenging roles in defence, for instance

BRING NEW IDEAS TO THE TABLE Women can bring in a different perspective while designing and executing a project, which will have a huge positive impact in realizing aesthetically appealing structures. It is 2019 and in this age, if we are questioning women’s capabilities in the field of civil engineering, it is surprising.

The Brooklyn Bridge was completed in 1883 by the ‘first field woman engineer’ Emily Warren Roebling. She took over her husband Washington Roebling’s responsibilities as a chief engineer after he was bedridden due to illness. She undertook day-to-day supervision and project management and saw out the finalization of the bridge with great dedication.

BREAK THE STEREOTYPE There is no field that women have not invaded currently. Women have the amazing ability to spot any possible opportunity and give them life. It is sad to see people stereotyping civil engineering as a man’s job. Be it desk job or the field, women are thriving. The tag of, ‘man’s job’ should not deter any woman from not pursuing it, if that is their passion. All you need is conviction and ability to handle mental and physical pressure that is a part of the civil engineering job profile.

DO WHAT YOU LOVE When it comes to finding a strong reason to pursue civil engineering, there is no other reason than this. It is worth it if you are doing what you love. It clearly does not matter, if it is going to be difficult or what people are going to think about it. If that is what you would like to do, you should definitely go for it. The key to success is persistence. While we have come a long way in the last few decades in progressing equality between the sexes, it has not been uniform on the professional front. Civil engineering would be a lot richer with greater participation of women.

Women are known for their multitasking abilities. Often, desk jobs are suggested for women, which is believed to offer them time to strike a balance between home and work. It may not be easy for women to make a mark as a civil engineer, but it is not as difficult as it appears. From the time when A Lalitha, became the first woman engineer of India in 1940 when she graduated from the University of Madras, we have come a long way. Today, we have several prolific women engineers who have made a mark with their acumen.

How to Prepare for Bank PO Exam to Crack in First Attempt - Study Plan | Benefits | Pattern

How to Prepare for Bank PO Exam | Crack Bank PO Exam in First Attempt
Bank PO Study Plan | Strategy | Benefits | Salary | Bank PO Exam pattern

Hello readers, this time in this video tutorial we are going to share that why one should prepare for Bank examination along with how to prepare for this Bank PO Examination. This tutorial is very important for fresher Graduates as well as for those who are preparing for Bank examination. 

If anyone is confused related to the following question “How to prepare for Bank PO Exam?” then this career Guidance video can help you in the number of ways to know why you should prepare and how to prepare.  

“How to become BANK PO?” is one of the most common questions in the mind of Graduate applicants. After viewing this movie you will come to know Why one should prepare for Bank PO Exam. The Tutor will explain the complete Bank PO Exam Pattern along with its syllabus.

How to Prepare for Bank PO Exam

In this video we will cover the following topics:

1.   Why one should prepare for Bank PO Exam?
2.   How to Crack Bank Po exam in First Attempt?
3.   Study plan for Bank PO
4.   Bank PO Exam Strategy
5.   Bank PO Exam Preparation Strategy
6.   Bank PO Salary and Benefits
7.   Bank PO Syllabus
8.   Bank PO Exam Pattern

Two organization that recruits Bank PO every year.
2.    IBPS (https://www.IBPS.IN)

Watch the film wisely and you will come to know “how to prepare for Bank PO Exam?” and other concern and doubts of your related to the Bank examination.

25 May 2019

Career Opportunities after Engineering (AVERAGE PAY OF A B.TECH GRADUATE)

Career Opportunities after Engineering

What should you do after engineering?

Bachelor of Technology(B.Tech) is one of the most popular wanted courses by the Science students after 12th class. B.Tech program offers specializations in numerous fields such as Mechanical, Biotech, Computer Science, Engineering Physics, Electronics & Communication etc. No matter which Engineering area you opt for, you can discover plenty of work openings after each specialized program which will offer you a promising career. You can select your profession options depending upon your interest zone, the course that will benefit you to upskill and the future outlook revenues. If you are confused about which profession option to choose after Engineering, then you should consider these popular Engineering fields and the various appealing career options as listed below:

1.  CAREER OPTIONS AFTER B.TECH IN COMPUTER SCIENCE B.Tech in Computer Science will deliver you with a variety of career choices. Pursuing B.Tech in Computer Science, you will grow and advance the software programs and hardware which makes the computers run.

If you work in the software department, such as Windows, Linux etc. your duty will be to develop different computer programs, such as Photoshop and Microsoft Office. Software Engineers turn lots of hardware into fully handy computers.

If you work as a Hardware Engineer you will be mandatory to develop the hardware of computers, including the motherboards, graphics and audio cards and drives that are later programmed by Software Engineers.

As a skilled Computer Engineer, you can work as- Application Analyst, Animation and Graphic Designer, IT Consultant, Multimedia Programmer, Information Systems Manager, Web Developer, Web SEO Specialist, Software Engineer, and App Developer.

2.  CAREER OPTIONS AFTER B.TECH IN MECHANICS Mechanical engineering is gaining a lot of popularity among the aspirants these days. The candidates taking up B.Tech in Mechanical Engineering is increasing. If you pursue B.Tech in Mechanics, you will study motion, energy, and force.

As a Mechanical engineer, you will seek control of these elements by using a mixture of material, human and economic resources to develop mechanical resolutions that help satisfy the needs and wants of society.

As a Mechanical engineer, you can work in the field of automotive, aerospace, hydro and power, biomechanics, manufacturing, mining and metals, and refrigeration and air-conditioning domains – and seek job positions as a Mechanical Integration Engineer, Research Scientist, Process Engineer, Project Engineer, Product Design Engineer, Stress Analyst etc.

3.  CAREER OPTIONS AFTER B.TECH IN ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION B.Tech in Electronics & Communication is in demand these days as it requires specialization in the areas of design, development, research, and manufacturing of Internet of Things, 5G & Beyond, and Information Processing & Analytics.

After doing B.Tech in Electronics & The communication you can seek jobs at the positions of - Analog Design Engineer, Digital Design Engineer, Layout Engineer, PCB Designer, Product Validation Engineer, Embedded Firmware Engineer, Embedded Hardware Engineer, Embedded System Developer, Testing and Verification Engineer, PDK Developer, Design Synthesis Engineer, Antenna engineer, Network Communications Systems Engineer, RF Wireless Systems Engineer, RF Systems Engineer, Data Analyst, Instrumentation Engineer, Systems & Communications Engineer, Software engineer, Hardware Systems Firmware Debug and Integration Engineer, Control Systems Engineer, Cybersecurity Engineer - Embedded Systems and many more.

4.  CAREER OPTIONS AFTER B.TECH IN BIOTECH B.Tech in Biotechnology is gaining popularity these days to meet the societal needs and scientific advancements. As a Biotech engineer, you will learn to develop technologically solutions to the various problems in health, nutrition, energy, and environment.

As a Biotech engineer, you can work in the fields of- Drug and pharmaceutical research, Public funded laboratories, Chemicals, Environment control, Waste management, Energy, Food processing, Bio-processing industries etc.


Bachelor of Technology(B.Tech) course offers diversified specializations in the four years span. High pay forecasts and promising job profiles make the B.Tech program even more fascinating. The Incomes of a B.Tech graduate varies from field to field. The pay even differs based on the knowledge of the applicants. The incomes even vary in the Government and Private Sectors. But B.Tech students can expect a higher salary in the private sector than the government sector.

As a B.Tech student, you will have work availability both in the government and private sector. Specializations are offered in the B.Tech course in different fields. Some of these include- Information Technology, Computer Science, Mechanical Engineering, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, Electronic Physics, Aeronautical Engineering, and Marine Engineering.

If you are uncertain of the salaries of these fields then refer the list and details below to get a detailed idea of the same.

SALARY OF A COMPUTER SCIENCE ENGINEERING If you have done your B.Tech in Computer Science your salary can differ in accordance with the Industry/Sector. After doing your Computer Science Engineering if you take up jobs as a Programming Analyst, Software Engineer, Hardware Engineer and Associate Engineer you can earn up to 2.5-3 lakhs as a fresh graduate.

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING There is a large number of vacancies for  Mechanical engineers. As a B.Tech graduate in Mechanical Engineering, you can earn an average minimum of Rs 15,000- Rs 30,000 per month. Your salary will vary according to the job profile also. If you work as a Project Engineer, Design Mechanical Engineer you can earn an average of 1.5- 8 lakhs annually. Positions such as Project Managers can fetch you a higher salary.

ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING After completing B.Tech in Electronics & Communication, you can get a starting salary of about Rs 10,000 per month in the government sector. Your salary will increase with the higher job profile and with the years of experience. The private sector can fetch you about Rs 20,000 to Rs 1 lakh per month. At the position of a Network Engineer, Associate Software Engineer you may earn from 1.6-6 lakhs annually.

BIOTECHNOLOGY ENGINEERING The demand for GR graduates in Biotech Engineering is growing day by day as the technological progress keeps progressing. Although your salary can differ across the organization, you can earn an average minimum of Rs 20,000- 30,000 per month.

14 May 2019

Employment Opportunities in BIOINFORMATICS - Various Application of Bioinformatics (Role of Bioinformatics)


Various Application of Bioinformatics

Bioinformatics is the application of "information technology to the field of molecular biology." It is an interdisciplinary field, developing methods and software tools for analyzing biological data. The term Bioinformatics was coined by Pauline Hogeweg and Ben Hesper in 1970 for the study of information processes in biotic systems. 

Bioinformatics is an applied science that specializes in the analysis of the large quantity of biological data, particularly in the area of genomics, proteomics, and molecular biology by employing computational tools. 

Bioinformatics is a dynamic and fast-growing interdisciplinary science present in the intersection of biology, mathematics, statics and computer sciences.

The field of Bioinformatics is one way to deal with this explosion of data. Bioinformatics is: "a mixture of the mundane and the sublime." 

The mundane includes data integration, data formatting, and conversion (also known as parsing), and automation- "doing a relatively straightforward analysis a million times for few days and then dealing with the volume of results got and turning them into something useful

It's when the useful parts start to emerge that the sublime aspects surface. Some of the most exciting stuff is working with large bodies of sequence and gene-expression the detects of patterns that come out and how they reproduce biology.

Application of Bioinformatics

Role of Bioinformatics in the R&D Sector

'Innovations in Bioinformatics' generate new Business Insights to employ the Bioinformatics tools to manage high-throughput data from omics technologies, systems biology modeling and biomarker discovery. 

Knowledge management solutions required are reviewed to identify the latest developments in Bioinformatics, assess the tools and platforms that can improve drug development and benchmark effective implementation of strategies.

R&D laboratories are coordinating the analysis of increasing volumes of disparate biological data, largely comprised of gene and protein sequences. Bioinformatics has enabled data management for companies to improve their productivity within their R&D programs by identifying new drug target, diagnostic biomarkers and biomarkers of drug efficacy and toxicity. 

From a systems biology approach, Bioinformatics combines data into interactive models to highlight disease pathways and aid the discovery of on off-target effects of compounds. 

Knowledge management solutions are crucial in both instances, enabling project teams to make informed decisions about potential new drugs.

Traditional drug discovery technologies are reaching the limits of their ability to yield innovative new drugs. Consequently, pharmaceutical firms and researchers are increasingly turning to Bioinformatics technologies, which use genetic information for their functioning. 

This study pinpoints opportunities and highlights potential challenges, allowing the companies to develop the most effective business plan. 

The Well-established, financially stable firms are seeking technologies to develop or buy Bioinformatics software to speed up the research and development.

07 May 2019

What to do after Graduation in India - Competitive Exams After Graduation for Jobs


What to do after Graduation in India

Competitive Exams After Graduation for Jobs

It is surprising indeed that not enough discussion or reference is available about career planning after 10+2+3 or 4 or 5 (as in some cases it takes 4/5 years to graduate) whereas it is very easy to find guidance as what to do after 10+2. This article is an attempt to fill this gap.

As a matter of fact for all students, completing H.S.C. and then graduation, are two major milestones in their lives. However, in terms of choices both the stages differ strikingly. When you have just completed H.S.C., you're mostly still into your teens, not in a very strong position to take the independent decision and possibly not fully aware of doors (read choices) that are open for you. In such a position it is not surprising to find students who have to choose a path without an assessment of what the future holds for them. Of course, the future can never be predicted fully, but it is good that we try to design it.

When you are a graduate you are a grown-up adult, with a wider perspective of the world within and around you. Your personality has become relatively mature and it is easier to form an independent opinion and chart a path for yourself. Another big difference is that while after 10+2, a student in most of the cases will think of further studies only (which precisely means choosing the course of study for graduation viz. engineering, medical, commerce, architecture, designing, pharmacy, agriculture, computer applications etc.) after graduation though one may choose to go for higher studies, there are also many other paths to choose from.

Broadly, following are the options or paths available when you're done with your graduation-

- Pursuing further studies
- Preparing for/appearing in All India Services
- Seeking a job through other competitive examinations
- Seeking a career in armed forces
- Exploring instant job opportunities

Each of the above has been dealt with in detail below with an idea to help our readers to evaluate the choices.
What to do after Graduation in India - Competitive Exams After Graduation for Jobs

15 April 2019

Last Minutes Preparation Tips For CLAT 2019 Exam

Preparation tips For CLAT 2019 Exam

While devising a strategy to approach the paper, aspirants should keep in mind that all five sections need their equal attention Written by Suhasini

Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) will be conducted on May 26 for admission to undergraduate and postgraduate degree programmes in 21 National Law Universities.

The exam will be conducted offline and there is no change in the paper pattern.

Every student has their own way of studying and retaining what they learn, but one approach that is beneficial for all is practicing mock tests.

The more you practice, the easier it is for you to complete the paper on time, as well as to pinpoint your strengths and weaknesses.

At this juncture, it is advisable to solve at least five to six mock papers in offline mode and try to complete each of them within the stipulated time. While devising a strategy to approach the paper, do keep in mind that all the five sections demand your equal attention.

Last Minutes Preparation Tips For CLAT 2019 Exam

1. English: This section carries 40 questions on comprehension and grammar. Keeping in mind the trend of the last two years’ papers, focus on RC, idioms, synonyms, word meanings, and more.

2. Mathematics: This section is a game-changer, and carries 20 marks. You should try to score between 10 and 12 marks in this section. The questions are based entirely on elementary mathematics.
3. Logical Reasoning: This section carries 40 questions. Looking at previous years trends, the emphasis has been on analytical reasoning, with very few questions on verbal reasoning. To ace this section, read every question and its options carefully before attempting to answer.

4. General Knowledge: This section has been mostly dominated by questions on current affairs. But that does not mean you can skip the static portions. Read static from any standard book; and revise current affairs of the past one year, with more emphasis on the second half of the year. Do cover news of national importance and international news.

5. Legal Aptitude: This section comprises questions on legal reasoning and knowledge. For the former, all you need to do to is to answer the questions based on the principle and facts given. In the knowledge part, you should be adept at both static and current knowledge. With the Supreme Court has come up with a number of landmark judgments in the past one year, you can expect questions on these cases.

09 April 2019

Smart Strategy on How To Crack IAS Prelims Examination 2019 - UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION-2019



Given its immense popularity among the educated, talented and hardworking youth of the country, civil service examination is bound to be the most bitterly contested exam one can find in India.

Civil services command respect, prestige and status like no other job can offer. Besides, it provides job security and attractive perks to provide a comfortable lifestyle. But more than all these factors, it is the nature of the job to be performed in civil services that motivate many to aspire for it.

Apart from offering challenges and diversity, civil services offer some of the most socially relevant jobs which lend meaning and justification to life. Unlike the private sector jobs, where one is doing mostly socially irrelevant jobs or, even at times socially harmful jobs, civil services offer satisfying jobs in sectors such as policing, education, health, welfare etc. This is why many candidates try hard to get into civil services rather than pursuing a career in the private sector.

As is well known, it is a three-stage examination comprising prelims, mains and interview. At all the three levels of the contest (i.e., preliminary, mains and the personality test), there are challenges. But it is at the first stage of the exam. i.e. the preliminary exam, that is found to be most challenging. Although prelims is purported to be just a qualifying test to allow a candidate to appear in the main examination, the reality is that it is both scary and intimidating.

It is scary because out of a total of 4-5 lakh aspirants appearing, only 15,000 candidates have a chance to get selected at this level. Thus it actually translates into not a qualifying exam but an elimination process and even the most talented among the aspirants run the risk of getting eliminated in the prelims level itself. If one gets eliminated, he/she has to wait for one full year to get another chance to qualify and appear in the mains.

It is intimidating because there is so much to study for the exam ranging from the traditional areas like history, culture, geography, environment and ecology, polity, science and technology to current and contemporary issues.

Whereas the mains exam seeks a conceptual understanding of the issues, prelims seek both conceptual understanding and factual knowledge which broadens its scope. Viewed in this perspective, prelims preparation is a true test of one’s nerves, tenacity, persistence, and perseverance.

Smart Strategy on How To Crack IAS Prelims Examination 2019 -  UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION-2019

03 April 2019

Gateway to research and varsity teaching | UGC NET Exam Preparation Tips 2019

UGC NET Exam Preparation 2019
Gateway to research and varsity teaching

The UGC NET exam forms are out and there are around three months to prepare for this exam.

The very first step in the preparation for this exam that will make you eligible for research and assistant professorship in higher education institutions in India, is having a full knowledge of the syllabus.

Generally every year there are some modifications and additions in the syllabus.

Thus, it is important to get a hard copy of the latest syllabus for Paper I and Paper II. Candidates should ideally download the syllabus from the official website only.

UGC NET Exam Preparation Tips 2019

Study material: A lot of study material is available in the market for different subjects. But candidates need to choose wisely and also not depend only on the “help books” available in the market.

For this test you need to keep yourself abreast with the latest news and have absolute clarity regarding concepts.

So, it is better to read reference books as the competitive books are not 100 per cent authentic always.

However, they are beneficial to have knowledge about the syllabus and to prevent over study.

Time management: Time management is very important. There are two papers and on an average there are 10 units in both papers.

So, for preparation, a student should start two subjects simultaneously, one of Paper I and other of Paper II.

A student can cover one unit of each subject in four days and should start the next unit of both subjects by every fifth day.

In this way the whole syllabus can be covered in 50 days approximately. Students should repeat this cycle till the exam date.

This way students will be able to acquire thorough knowledge of the subjects.

A student should practice at least 50 multiple choice questions of both the subjects every day.

How much should one study daily?
When there are more than 100 days are left for the exam, a student should devote at least three hours for self-study.

Increase your study time by one hour every month. This way you would get more than 500 study hours.

In addition to this a student should try to add more hours on weekends. But make sure that you are doing quality study during this time.

Mock tests: Any preparation is incomplete without practicing the mock series or test questions.

An online test series supplements your preparation. A student should start practicing mock papers at least 15 days before the test.

There are various test papers, last 10 years and mock tests are available online as well as in the market.

As now the examination is a computer based test, various online test series are on the web.

Smart study: A smart study strategy coupled with latest updating and a focused and positive attitude is the key to success of this exam.

Spend at least five minutes daily to meditate and have a good work out to stay agile and alert mentally and physically.

Group study will help to understand the topic easily as the knowledge, ideas and experiences of different learners are shared and discussed in such sessions.

In addition to it, it would help in memorizing the content for a longer duration. If one gets a chance to teach someone, then it would definitely assist in time management.

REVISION: A candidate should revise whole syllabus at least 3-4 times before appearing for the exam. It will boost the confidence and will help in self-evaluation.

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