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Mar 20, 2017

PARTS OF THE CONSTITUTION

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GENERAL AWARENESS

STATIC GK FOR SSC CGL

INDIAN POLITY
PARTS OF THE CONSTITUTION
General Awareness is a source for good preparation of Bank, SSC CGL, UPSC, and railway and for other competitive exams. Study General Awareness from www.GovtJobsPortal.in and stay updated as well as prepare for General Awareness section which is asked in SSC CGL, UPSC and other competitive exams. As continuously we are providing static GK study notes for SSC CGL on various topics. Today we are providing study notes on ‘INDIAN POLITY’. Indian polity is one of the most important topics for general awareness section in the competitive exam. From this topic maximum 10-12 questions are given in the SSC CGL exam.
In our recent topic we have covered the Indian constitution preamble and borrowed features. So as continuing INDIAN CONSTITUTION, today we are providing the Parts of the Constitution and its Articles as well. In the constitution at present there are 448 articles in 25 parts, 12 schedules, 5 appendices and 98 amendments. But at the time of commencement there was only 395 articles in 22 parts and 8 schedules.
PARTS OF THE CONSTITUTION
PART – I (Article 1 – 4)
Deals with territory of India formation of new States, alterations, names of existing states.
PART – II (Article 5 – 11)
Deals with various rights of citizenship.
PART – III (Article 12 – 35)
Deals with fundamental rights of Indian citizens.
(Article 31 – dealing with the right to property was deleted by 44th amendment).
PART – IV (Article 36 – 51)
Deals with Directive Principles of State Policy.
PART – IV – A (Article 51A)
Added by 42nd amendment in 1976. Contains the duties of the citizens.
PART – V (Article 52 – 151)
Deals with govt. at the Union Level.
(Duties and function of PM, Ministers, President, Attorney General, Parliament – Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, Comptroller and Auditor General).

PART – VI (Article 152 – 237)
Deals with govt. at State Level.
(article – 152 exempts J & K from the category of ordinary states).
(duties & functions of Chief Minister & his ministers, Governor, State legislature, High Court, Advocate General of the state).
PART – VII (Article 238)
Deals with  States, was replaced in 1956 by the 7th amendment.
PART – VIII (Article 239 – 241)
Deals with Union Territories.
PART – IX
Consists of 2 parts:
Added by 73rd amendment in 1992. Contains a new schedule ‘SCHEDULE ELEVEN’. It conatains 29 subjects to Panchayati Raj. (They have been administrative powers).
Added by 74th amendment in 1992. Contains a new schedule ‘SCHEDULE TWELVE’. It contains 18 subjects related to Municipalities. (They have been given administrative powers).
PART – X (Article 244, 244A)
Deals with Scheduled & Tribal Areas.
PART – XI (Article 245 – 263)
Deals with relation between Union and States.
PART – XII (Article 264 – 300A)
Deals with distribution of revenue between Union and States, appointment of Finance Commission (Article 280), contracts, liabilities etc.
PART – XIII (Article 301 – 307)
Relates to trade, commerce and intercourse within the Territory of India.
PART – XIV (Article 308 – 323)
Deals with UPSC and Public Service Commissions.
PART – XIV – A (Article 323A, 323B)
Added by 42nd amendment in 1976. Deals with administrative tribunals set by Parliament to hear disputes and complaints regarding Union, States or Local govt. employees.
PART – XV (Article 324 – 329)
Deals with elections (Also Election Commission).
PART – XVI (Article 330 – 342)
Deals with special provisions for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and Anglo – Indian Representation.
PART – XVII (Article 343 – 351)
Relates to official language.
PART – XVIII (Article 352 – 360)
Deals with emergency pro-visions.
PART – XIX (Article 361 – 367)
Exemption of criminal proceedings for their official acts of President and Governors.
PART – XX (Article 368)
Deals with Amendment of Constitution.
PART – XXI (Article 369 – 392)
Article - 369 gives temporary powers to the Parliament to make laws for State list.
Article – 370 contains temporary provisions of J & k – Restricts the parliament to make laws for that state.
Article – 371A, 371B, 371C, 371D, 371E, 371F, 371G, 371H & 371-I relates to special provisions for Maharashtra, Nagaland, Assam, Manipur, Andhra, Sikkim, Mizoram, Arunachal & Goa.
PART – XXII (Article 393 – 395)
Concerns the short title, commencement and repeal of the Constitution.

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