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Apr 17, 2020

Modern History of India for UPSC, SSC Examination - History of India Video Lecture Number 1 to 3

Modern History of India for UPSC Examination

Hello dear reader, we are going to share modern history classes for UPSC, SSC, and other competitive examinations. We are sharing a major point related to the Modern History of India.

Students who are preparing for the UPSC, SSC Examination must watch this video tutorial series. This is the first post in which we are sharing the first 3 lectures related to the Modern History of India.

The Modern History of India Lecture Number: 1


The modern history of India Lecture Number: 2



The Modern History of India Lecture Number 3


Complete Explanation About ANGLO-MYSORE WARS in Modern History of India

MYSORE’S WODEYAR DYNASTY
         The Vijayanagara Empire disintegrated in 1565. The power vacuum created after that was exploited by Raja Wadiyar (ruled 1578–1617). Raja Wadiyar expanded the borders of Mysore kingdom and in 1610 he changed the capital city from Mysore to Srirangapatna; which is a rare island formed by the river Kaveri, which provided natural protection against military attacks.

RISE OF HAIDER ALI
         He was the fifth child of Fath Muhammad's.  Haider Ali After serving for a number of years under the rulers of Arcot came to Seringapatam, where Hyder's uncle served.
        Devaraja ,the dalwai of Krishnaraja Wodeyar II (military leader, chief minister, and virtual ruler)and his brother Nanjaraja, who also held an important minister was introduced by Haider Ali.
        In the year 1758 Hyder Ali successfully forced the Marathas to lift a siege of Bangalore. 
        The young raja Krishnaraja rewarded Haider Ali’s performance by granting him the title Fath Hyder Bahadur or Nawab Hyder Ali Khan.
        Later Hyder Ali assumed control of Mysore after overthrowing Khande Rao in 1761.
        Hyder Ali established Arms the factory at Dindigul(T.N.) with the help of French.


FIRST ANGLO - MYSORE WAR (1767-1769)
v CAUSES OF THE WAR
        Hyder Ali built a strong army and annexed many regions in the South including Canara, Sera, Bidnur, Malabar and Sunda
        Hyder Ali also took French support to training his army. This also alarmed the British.

v COURSE OF THE WAR
        The Britishers, along with the Marathas and the Nizam of Hyderabad declared war on Mysore.
        But later Hyder Ali was able to bring the Marathas and the Nizam to his side with skillful diplomacy.
        He also paid money to the Marathas to turn them neutral.
        Haidar Ali changed his strategy and suddenly appeared before the gates of Madras.

v RESULT OF THE WAR
        English was forced to conclude a very humiliating treaty with Haidar Ali on April 4, 1769, which is called Treaty of Madras.
        And The conquered territories were restored.
        It was agreed that they would help each other in case of a foreign attack.

SECOND ANGLO – MYSORE WAR (1780-1784)
v CAUSES OF THE WAR
        When  Marathas attacked Mysore in 1771. The British refused to honour the Treaty of Madras signed in 1769 and did not give support to Hyder Ali.
        So He had to buy peace with the Marathas for a sum of Rs.36 lakh.
        When English attacked Mahe, a French possession under Hyder Ali’s dominion, he declared war on the English in 1780.

v COURSE OF THE WAR
        Hyder Ali forged a strong alliance with the Nizam and the Marathas and defeated the British forces in Arcot.
        Hyder Ali later died of cancer in 1782 and the war was continued by his son Tipu Sultan.
        Sir Eyre Coote, who had defeated Hyder Ali many times, ended the war inconclusively with the Treaty of Mangalore.

v RESULT OF THE WAR
        According to Treaty of Mangalore (11 March, 1784), both parties agreed to return the captured territories and prisoners to each other.

THIRD ANGLO – MYSORE WAR (1789-1792)
v CAUSES OF THE WAR
        The British now started improving their relationship with the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Marathas.
        Then Tipu Sultan also got French help in bettering his military resources.
        Tipu Sultan also refused to free the English prisoners taken during the second Anglo-Mysore war as per the Treaty of Mangalore.

v COURSE OF THE WAR
        Tipu Sultan declared war on Travancore in 1789. Travancore was a friendly state of the Britishers. So Lord Cornwallis declared war on Tipu Sultan.
        Tipu Sultan was defeated in the first phase of the war so his forces had to retreat.
        Later the English advanced towards Tipu Sultan’s capital of Seringapatam and Tipu Sultan had to bargain for peace.

  v RESULT OF THE WAR
        This war ended with the Treaty of Seringapatam in 1792.
        According to the treaty, Tipu had to cede half of his kingdom to the English including the areas of Dindigul, Malabar, Coorg, and Baramahal.
        He had to pay Rs.3 Crore as war indemnity to the Britishers.
        Tipu Sultan also had to surrender two of his sons as surety to the British till he paid his due.

FOURTH ANGLO – MYSORE WAR (1799)
v CAUSES OF THE WAR
        Tipu Sultan refused to accept the Subsidiary Alliance has given by Lord Wellesley.

v COURSE OF THE WAR
        The Marathas and the Nizam invaded Tipu Sultan from the North.
        The Britishers secured the decisive victory at the Battle of Seringapatam in 1799.
        Tipu Sultan died while defending the city.

v RESULT OF THE WAR
        The main area around Seringapatam and Mysore was restored to the Wodeyar dynasty.
        Mysore entered into a Subsidiary Alliance with the Britishers and a Britisher's resident was placed at the Mysore Court.
        The Kingdom of Mysore now remained a princely state not directly under the British until 1947 when it chose to join the Indian Union.

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