**Logical Puzzles with Solutions**

**FOR BANK EXAM**

**SBI, IBPS & RRB**

**COMPARISON TYPE LOGIC PUZZLES**

In

**bank exam (SBI, IBPS, and RRB) & SSC**Reasoning is one of the most important sections. A good score in reasoning test can lead you at higher marks in**banking exam**. So as continuously we are providing reasoning study notes on different topics. In competitive exams the most important thing is time management, if you know how to manage your time then you can do well in**Bank Exams.**In reasoning some questions are very easy which needs only few seconds to solve them. But some of the questions are very tricky and lengthy for example**LOGIC PUZZLES questions**but as well as it is very important topic. Usually 14 – 15 questions can be given from this topic in bank exam or other**competitive exams**as well. It can be easy topic if you have right tricks to find out logic by which the puzzle will be solved. Here we are providing important tips and example which are asked in**SBI, IBPS bank exams**.

__Logical Puzzles with Solutions__

This section of analytical reasoning
comprises of questions put in the form of

**logic puzzles**involving certain number of items, be it persons or things. The candidate is required to analyze the given information, condense it in a suitable form and answer the questions asked.**The questions on logic puzzle test may be any of the following types:**

i.
Classification Type questions

ii.
Seating/placing Arrangements

iii.
Comparison type questions

iv.
Sequential order of Things

v.
Selection based on given Conditions

vi.
Family based problems

vii.
Jumble problems

**Comparison type reasoning logic puzzle examples with solutions:**

In such type of questions, clues
are given regarding comparisons among a set of persons or things with respect
to one or more qualities. The candidate is required to analyse whole
information, form a proper ascending / descending sequence and then answer the
given questions accordingly.

**Ex. 1 Read the puzzle information given below and answers the questions that follow:**

i.
There is a group of five girls.

ii.
Kamini is second in height but younger than Reena.

iii.
Pooja is taller than Monika but younger in age.

iv.
Reena and Monika are of the same age but Reena is taller between
them.

v.
Neelem is taller than Pooja and elder to Reena.

vi.
Kamini is not the youngerst in the group.

1. If
the girls are arranged in the descending order of heights, who will be in third
position?

a.
Monika

b.
Reena

c.
Monika or Reena

d.
Data inadequate

e.
None of these

2. If
they are arranged in desecding order of their ages, who will be in fourth
position?

a.
Monika or Reena

b.
Kamini

c.
Monika

d.
Data inadequate

e.
None of these

3. To
anwer the questions “who is the eldest person in the group”, which of the given
statements is superfluous?

a.
Only (i)

b.
Only (ii)

c.
Only (vi)

d.
Either (i) or (iv)

e.
None of these

**Solution: here is the solution for the above given LOGIC PUZZLE example:**

We first find the sequence of
heights.

By (iii), we have : M < P

BY (v), we have : P < N.

Now, Reena is tallest and Kamini
is second in height.

So, the sequence of heights is :
M < P < N <K < R

Now we determine the age
sequence:

By (ii), we have : K < R.

By (iii), we have : P < M

By (iv), we have : R = M.

By (v), we have : R < N.

So, the sequence of ages may be :
N > R = M > K > P OR N > R = M > P > K.

But Kamini is not the youngest.

So, the sequence of ages is : N
> R = M > K > P.

**ANSWERS:**

1.
Clearly, in the ascending order of heights Neelam is in third
position. Henc, the answer is (e).

2.
Clearly, in the descending order of ages, pooja will be in fourth
position (because Monika and Reena both lie at third position). Hence, the answer
is (e).

3.
Clearly, to find the eldest person in the group, statement (vi) is
not necessary. Hence, the answer is (c).

**Ex: read the following logic puzzle information carefully and answer the questions given below:**

B, D, P, M, F, H, K and W are
eight friends who have completed their MBA programme with specialization –
Marketing, Personnel, Operations, Systems and Finance. Three of them have
passed with dual specialization. Operations and Systems were not offered as
dual specialization with any of the remaining three specializations. P has passed
with Marketing and Finance and earns the least. B has passed with Operations
and earns more than F, D and K. W has passed with Personnel and earns less than
only M who has passed with a dual specialization. B is third from the top when
they are arranged in descending order of earnings. D earns more than k but less
than F. No two of them have same earning. K, who earns more than H, has passed
with Marketing whereas H has passed with dual specialization of Personnel and
Finance. None often three is having the same set of dual specialization. Two of
them are having systems specialization.

1. Which
of the following pairs has the systems specialization?

a.
BF

b.
BM

c.
FH

d.
Data inadequate

e.
None of these

2. Who
among them earns more than F?

a.
Only M and B

b.
Only M , W and D

c.
Only M and W

d.
Only W, B and D

e.
None of these

3. Who
among them earns more than only P?

a.
Only H

b.
Only M

c.
Only W

d.
Data inadequate

e.
None of these

4. Which
of the following specializations is opted for most among them as either single
or one of the dual specializations?

a.
Marketing

b.
Personnel

c.
Systems

d.
Finance

e.
None of these

5. Which
of the following dual specializations is applicable to M?

a.
Personnel, Marketing

b.
Marketing, Finance

c.
Personnel, Finance

d.
Data inadequate

e.
None of these

**Solution: here is the solution for the above given LOGIC PUZZLE example:**

clearly, Operations and Systems
were offered as single specialization.

Now,

P passed with Marketing and
Finane;

B passed with Operation;

W passed with Personnel;

K passed with Marketing;

H passed with Personnel and
Finance.

Now, only D, M and F remain.
Since M has passed with dual specialization and two have passed with Systems,
so each of D and F passed with Systems.

Clearly, M passed with
specialization in any two of Marketing, Finance and Personnel.

Since no two of P, H and M have
the same set of specializatio;n, so M passed with Personnel and Marketing.

As regards income, from the given
information, we have:

B > F, B> D, B > K,
M> W, F > D > K, K > H.

Since W earns less than only M,
son M earns the maximum; Also B is third in desecding order of income.

Thus, we have : M > W > B > F > D > K > H.

Since P earns the least, so we
have : M > W > B > F >D > K > H > P.

**ANSWERS:**

1.
Clearly, D and F passed with systems specialization. So, the
answer is (e).

2.
Clearly, M, W and B earn more than F. So the answer is (e).

3.
H earns more than only P. So, the answer is (a).

4.
Clearly, the most opted for specializations are marketing and
Personnel, each of which was opted for by 3 persons. Hence, the answer is (e).

5.
M passed with specialization in Personnel and Marketing. Hence,
the answer is (a).

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