Preposition in English Part-2 | Use of Prepositions | List of prepositional phrases

Preposition in English Part-2 | List of Prepositional Phrases

Useful Prepositions in English Grammar for competitive exams. A complete List of Prepositional phrases which are commonly used by every one in English Language.

In this tutorial we will discuss about use of prepositions in the various sentence. Watch the VIDEO carefully as well as read the complete article to understand the concepts.

What is Prepositional Phrases: “A preposition is the kind of word that introduces the so-called invariable prepositional phrase. Prepositions usually have the function of introducing attachments, and sometimes ligand binding complements the name or noun phrase that immediately precedes a verb or other names as above. In some languages, prepositions cannot head a prepositional phrase, as in English where they can even appear at the end of the sentence.
Traditionally, grammar has been defined as the invariable part of speech that connects words denoting the relationship they have with each other.



The use of these prepositions with expressions of place has many layers. Then we will indicate its main uses, although the best way to master its use is undoubtedly through practice.

Use of Prepositions “IN”
a) Within a confined space:
    in the bedroom / in my office / in your pocket / in hospital / in prison / in bed.
    in the front / in the back of a car (but, at the front / at the back of a cinema, of a building).
within an object:
    In That book / in the water

b) In an open (sites with certain defined limits):
    in the park / in the street / in the garden / in the queue

c) In countries and cities:
    in Spain / in Madrid / in my country / in this town

Use of Preposition “ON”
a) On a hard, physical contact:
    on the table / on the wall / on the floor / on my shoulder / on page 103 / on the second floor.

b) In the expressions:
    on the left / right on the

Use of Preposition “AT”
a) Location specific:
    at the door / at the window / at the Traffic light / at the top of the page / at the bridge

b) In the expressions:
    at home / at school / at work / at the office / at the bus stop / at the airport / at someone's house

c) In events:
    at the party / at the meeting / conference at the

d) You can also use buildings, with a different meaning of "in":
    at the museum
    in the museum

e) "At" is used when you mentioned where there was an event:
    This morning I visited the painting exposition at the National Museum
    Yesterday We Had dinner at the new Chinese restaurant

f) or with more open water, "at" next, "in": in
    at the river / in the river
    at the lake / in the lake
    at the swimming pool / in the swimming pool
    at the sea / in the sea

In many cases the same noun can use different prepositions although the meaning changes. FOR EXAMPLE:
    in the car
    on the car
    at the car
Use of Prepositions

a) Above / Over
Both prepositions meaning "above" and in this sense can be used interchangeably.
    The birds fly above / over the fishing boat
However the preposition "over" has other meaning:
    1. -Across:
        He lives over the forest
    2 .- On the one hand to another:
        There is a bridge over the railway
    3 .- Covering:
        I put a blanket over historical are

b) Below / Under
Both mean "below" and in this sense can be used interchangeably in many cases.
    The cat sleeps Below / under my bed
However, if there is physical contact should be used "under" as "below" means that there is a space between elements
    I put the letter under the book
    The plane flys below-the-cloud

c) In front of / Opposite
When used with people:
    1.- Opposite: one before the other side shaking
        In the train Opposite me sat my friend (in front of me, face to face)
    In the table, it is useful to indicate that a person is in front of the other.
        In the restaurant my wife sat me Opposite
    2 .- In front of: one before the other, giving the face or back
        My brother stand in front of me (my brother is in front of me, may be giving me the face or back)
        In the cinema my son sat in front of me (my son sat in front of my back to me, here could not be used "Opposite")

When used with objects the difference is not as clear, although in some situations tend to use more than one particular. Some examples:
    Two houses down the street, facing each other: "Opposite"
        My brother lives Opposite me
    A dish on the table in front of a diner: "in front of"
        My mother put the plate in front of me


Generally, they are placed before the noun or pronoun, except in the following cases:
a.) With the relative pronoun, when followed by a preposition, it can be placed in final position.
"The girls I study with"
b.) In interrogative sentences when they start a interrogative pronoun:
"Who Were You speaking to?" (Instead of"To whom were you speaking?")

That’s all about the use of Preposition and various useful prepositions. In future we will share more article and video like this to improve your English Grammar.

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