Career in Civil Services / Types of civil service jobs in India

Career in Indian Civil Services

Types of civil service jobs

Even today there is a tremendous craze among the youth towards the Indian Civil Service. If there is genuine passion and courage in the mind, then the difficult situation of the Indian Civil Service can also be achieved. Looking at the results announced this year, there have been many students who have fulfilled the desire to become IAS despite facing problems on family and economic fronts. If you like too, you can make a career in the Indian Administrative Service.

career in civil services

Administrative Service Attraction Points:

Despite the glorious careers in multinational and corporate companies, most graduates still aspire to become IAS, IPS, IFS or equivalent officers, as IAS officer you will travel in a red light car and SSP-SP (IPS) three-star khaki uniform He only captivates them. The special thing is that these officers progress from the district and also become top officers in the state and the center Government. 

The principal secretaries of the state capitals and various departments at the center are usually senior IAS. That is why today the number of applicants to appear in this exam has increased manifold. Also, due to administrative power, influence, and control, civil servants also have enough respect in the society. Along with social honours and recognition, good salary, other facilities as well as career security give further aspirations to become a public servant. 

Requirement to appear in the Civil Services Exam:

Educational Qualification: Applicants should have graduated from a recognized university or equivalent institute. Candidates appearing for the final year examination undergoing graduation can also apply for this examination, provided that they complete the graduation before filling the main examination form.


Age Limit: Applicant age should not be less than 21 years and not more than 30 years. There is a provision of 5 years relaxation in upper age limit for SC / ST applicants and 3 years for OBC applicants.


Number of Times Candidate Can Appear in Civil Service Exam: General category applicants can appear in this exam four times. There is no limit of opportunity for SC / ST applicants, while OBC applicants can appear in this exam seven times. Keep in mind, even appearing in a preliminary exam paper is counted as an opportunity, so use the opportunity only when you are thoughtful and fully prepared.


Nature of the Civil Service exam

The Civil Services Examination conducted by UPSC every year has a total of three stages - Preliminary Examination, Main Examination and Interview or Personality Test. These three steps have to be qualified separately. Let's know about the nature of these three:


Preliminary Examination: Applicants have to first apply for the Preliminary Examination. It is a screening test aimed at sorting out serious applicants. Applicants who pass in this have to fill a separate form for the main examination. The marks of preliminary examination are not added at the time of making merit list. The exam is based on objective type questions, consisting of two papers - first a General Studies (GS) compulsory paper, for which 150 marks are prescribed and second one of the elective subject selected by the applicant from the UPSC prescribed list is 300 It is a number.


The GS paper consists of a total of 150 questions and the elective subject paper has a total of 120 questions. Merit list is made on the basis of marks obtained in both these papers. Candidates achieving the prescribed minimum qualifying marks are declared successful for the main examination and have to apply for the main examination in the format sent by the Commission. Since the rule of negative marking has come into force since the preliminary examination of the year 2007, the candidates need to take special care while answering. Do not answer based on the guess, because if the answer is wrong, the marks of your correct answer will also be deducted.


Main Examination: This is the real exam for civil service, which is essay in nature. It consists of several question papers including compulsory and electives. The compulsory question papers include any Indian language or Hindi and English (both of 300–300 marks) included in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution. It is to be noted that the answer sheets of the remaining question papers of the candidates who secured minimum qualifying marks in both these papers will be examined.


The compulsory question papers also include essays (300 marks) and two general study papers (both of 300–300 marks). Apart from this, there are also two question papers of two elective subjects selected by the candidate (which have to be mentioned while filling the main examination form), for which 300-300 marks are prescribed. To get success in this exam, the marks obtained in the main examination contribute the most. In this, successful candidates are called for interview.


Interview: There are a total of 300 marks for this. The purpose of this examination is to try to know the thoughts related to the attachment of the candidate from the individual, expressive capacity, society, country to the public service point of view. In this, questions related to the subject, contemporary and leadership capacity are also tested by the member of the Commission. Overall, the candidates are selected according to the vacancies based on the sum of the marks of the main examination and interview. Rank is also decided on this basis.


Final selection: Final merit list is made on the basis of marks obtained in the main examination and interview and the names of successful candidates are announced in proportion to the vacancies. 


Application Process

Candidates have to apply in the form prescribed by UPSC. These application forms can be obtained from the designated main post offices of the country by paying Rs 20 cash. They will have to be filled up completely and sent to Dhaulpur House, the headquarters of the Union Public Service Commission in New Delhi with a Central Recruitment Fee stamp of Rs 50. Detailed information about this can be obtained from the UPSC website


Civil servants training program

Final selected candidates for Civil Services Examination, who are IAS, IPS, IFS, IRS and future 'A' officers of Central Services, together underwent 4 months basic training at Lal Bahadur Shastri National Administrative Academy, Mussoorie. goes.


IAS: They have to undergo a total training period of 21 months - basic training of 4 months, and professional of 2 months. They are then given 12 months of district training in the state. Again 3 months vocational training is given in Mussoorie. They are then sent for field training in the cadre state, where probation members are posted by the state's chief secretary. During this time, under the supervision of District Collector, they are imparted training in Vocational Training, State Secretariat. Overall, a 21-month training cycle runs under probation. After 6 to 8 years of selection, they are able to become full-fledged district collectors.


IFS: Probation members of the Indian Foreign Service are trained for 36 months. This includes 4 months of basic training at the National Academy of Administration Mussoorie, 12 months of training at the Foreign Service Institute, New Delhi, which also includes Bharat Darshan Yatra, 6 months of required training in the Ministry of External Affairs and 14 months of an Indian mission abroad. Language training is imparted. After probation, the appointment in the Ministry of External Affairs is done permanently.


IPS: They are also given 4 months basic training at National Administrative Academy, Mussoorie. After this combined basic training, they are sent to Sardar Ballabhbhai Patel National Academy Hyderabad, where they are given 12 months of vocational training (first phase). They are given district level training in the state for 8 months and during this period they are sent for training in rural police stations to learn basic techniques. They have to spend 3 months in the second phase of vocational training. Meanwhile, they are given arms training at the Central School for Wapons and Tactis. Overall, their training period is 27 months. After this, they are again given permanent appointment in the cadre state or union territory.


IRS: Final selected candidates of this cadre along with others are trained in National Academy of Administration for 4 months. After this, they are given training at the National Academy of Customs, Excise and Narcotics Faridabad, which runs for 18 months. In the IRS itself, direct tax candidates are trained in the National Academy of Direct Taxes Nagpur, but basic training is only in Mussoorie.


Types of Civil Service Jobs

An IAS career usually begins with SDM. The career of IFS begins with the third secretary, IPS is initially given the post of Additional SP, but with the promotion, he reaches the Chief Secretary and Cabinet Secretary. All India Service officers can reach the cabinet secretary. Even the IRS starts their career with Assistant Commissioner, but later they also become departmental chairman. They can be sent to the Foreign Service by making them ambassadors.


Salary Attractions: Initially, officers of this service are given a junior time scale, but the secretary is paid up to Rs 80,000 and the cabinet secretary is paid up to Rs 90,000. Along with this, other VIP facilities are additional. 


Premier institute for Civil Service Training


Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie, Uttaranchal


Sardar Ballabhbhai Patel National Police Academy, Hyderabad


Foreign Service Institute, New Delhi


National Academy of Customs, Excise and Narcotics, Faridabad (Haryana)


National Academy of Direct Tex-Nagpur (Maharashtra)


Institute of Secretariat Training and Management, New Delhi


National Institute of Rural Development - Hyderabad


Postal Staff College, Ghaziabad (UP)

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