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Showing posts with label Government news. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Government news. Show all posts

16 May 2020

Online Quiz, Photography and Painting Competition on International Day for Biological Diversity 22 May 2020

Haryana State Biodiversity Board Online Competitive

International Day for Biological Diversity-2020

(22nd May, 2020)

“COVID 19: WAKE UP CALL FOR SAFEGUARDING BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY"

Participate and win a Certificate and following Cash Prizes
Category
1ST Prize
2ND  Prize
3RD Prize
School going Children Class
8th to 12th
2500
1500
1000
College Students
4000
3000
2000
Rest of the Public
4000
3000
2000

Prizes for Hindi and English languages will be separate.
Submissions have to be sent in electronic format Latest by 31.05.2020 by 5.00 PM On HSBBs email address: sbbhry18@gmail.com

For details please visit our website: http://www.haryanaforest.gov.in

Online Quiz, Photography and Painting Competitions
Category
1ST Prize
2ND Prize
3RD Prize
School going Children Class
8th to 12th
2000.00
1500.00
1000.00

Questionnaire for Quiz and required space for uploading of Photographs and Pics of Paintings are available on following links on our website www.haryanaforest.gov.in .

On demand, the Links are available for sharing on android mobile phones also by contacting at Mobile- 79886 71875.

The Nature photographs and Paintings befitting the IBD 2020 theme „Our Solutions are in Nature” shall be uploaded in the space provided in the links given below.

25 March 2020

Get Set for a race against time for Upcoming NEET Examination 2020 - IMPORTANT TOPICS FOR NEET EXAM 2020


Get Set for a race against time for Upcoming NEET Examination 2020

NEET 2020 EXAMINATION DETAIL

NEET 2020 is scheduled for May 3, 2020, and the results of the same are expected by June 4, 2020. NEET 2020 is very important as this year the exams of AIIMS & JIPMER have been abolished and the admission to these institutes will also be via NEET 2020. So there is a lot of excitement among the students as they have to give only one exam instead of three.

THE NUMBER GAME RELATED TO NEET EXAMINATION
■ A total of 15,93,452 lakh candidates have applied for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) UG 2020. In the year 2019, for the first time, over 15 lakh candidates had registered for the exam.

■ The number was expected to shoot up this year because the medical entrance exam - NEET has been made mandatory for admission to AIIMS and JIPMER. The website this year also witnessed a very heavy rush. A slight 4.87 percent rise has been witnessed in the number of candidates registered this year, increasing the 2019 tally by 74,083 candidates.

The current disruption in the academic calendars throughout the country should not upset your preparation for this important exam. It is time to utilize the extra time at your disposal constructively. Students should devote up to 8 to 10 hours per day to study. They should exhaustively revise Class XI & XII syllabus and take one test daily till the time of actual exam so that their body clock can be tuned as per the actual exam. If you don’t find too many tests then simply attempt previous years’ NEET papers. These papers will be more beneficial and will also help you to get familiar with the exam pattern.

Remember, NEET is a race against time as you have to attempt 180 questions in 180 minutes. What this means is that you have one minute to react as well as solve the question and that too with accuracy. NEET is also a high-scoring exam, so you can’t afford to give up too many questions.


NEET Examination 2020

IMPORTANT TOPICS
Physics: Modern Physics & Semiconductor devices, Magnetism & matter, Current electricity, newton laws System of particles & rotation motion.

Chemistry: Chemical bonding & molecular structure, s & P block elements, Equilibrium, Chemical Kinetics, d & f block elements.

Biology: biological classification, plant kingdom, animal kingdom, cell, human health & disease, ecosystem, principle of inheritance & variation, Human reproduction

TIPS: OTHER IMPORTANT POINTS WHICH STUDENTS CAN CONSIDER FOR ACING NEET 2020 ARE Get set for the race against time 
1. Make a practical timetable.
2. Prepare according to the latest syllabus.
3. Practice regularly.
4. Refer to good study material.
5. Attempt full-length mock tests.
6. Focus more on topics that you are weak in.
7. Prepare short notes for last-minute revision.
8. Avoid guesswork.

Actually, in NEET zoology, botany, inorganic chemistry & organic chemistry do not involve numerical calculations, so these subjects should be attempted first as most of the problems here are memory or concept or fact-based. After completing this, one can move to physical chemistry followed by physics and devote proper time to calculations and rechecking these so that the is no mistake. Please do not create ego issues with any question. If it’s not working in 60 to 90 sec leave it and review it at the end.

Also remember that for zoology, botany, inorganic chemistry & organic chemistry NCERT books are the Bible. So don’t forget to revise these. At this time you are advised to focus more on Class XI syllabus as most students are cutoff from this due to board exams. Move to the Class XII syllabus once you have revised that of Class XI. All the best!

Information Source: The Tribune Newspaper published on 25th March 2020.

18 March 2020

SC Grants Permanent Service to Women in Navy - Women Power in India


SC grants permanent Service to Women in Navy

Women Power in India


Noting that women officers can sail with the same efficiency as male counterparts, the Supreme Court today held officers of both genders had to be treated equally in granting permanent commission in the Navy.

There couldn’t be gender discrimination in granting permanent commission to Short Service Commission (SSC) women officers citing psychological conditions, once the statutory bar for inducting women in the Navy had been lifted, a Bench headed by Justice DY Chandrachud said. The order came a month after the top court ordered the government to consider granting permanent commission (PC) to all women officers in the Army.

It today said once the statutory bar was lifted and entry of women officers was allowed in the Navy, male and female officers had to be treated equally in grant of permanent commission.

“All SSC officers in the education, law and logistics cadres who are presently in service shall be considered for the grant of PCs,” it said.

“SSC officers who are found suitable for the grant of PC shall be entitled to all consequential benefits, including arrears of pay, promotions and retirement benefits as and when due,” the Bench said.

“As a one-time measure, all SSC women officers before the High Court and the AFT who are not granted PCs shall be deemed to have completed substantive qualifying service for the grant of pension and shall be entitled to all consequential benefits,” it said.

05 June 2019

Fill up 3 Lakh Vacancies in the Upcoming 6 Months; UGC tells Higher Education Institutions

Fill up 3 Lakh Vacancies in 6 Months

UGC tells Higher Education Institutions


New Delhi: UGC Department tells Higher education intuitions to fill up 3 Lakh Vacancies in the upcoming 6  Months. We come to know about this news from the most popular newspaper of India known as “The Times of India”.  

The 6,100 teaching positions in central universities, including 4,000 from Delhi University, vacant since 2009 are likely to be filled up by November 2019.


There is a total of 3 lakh vacancies in government-run higher education institutions. The University Grants Commission issued guidelines on Tuesday asking the institutions to identify vacancies within 15 days and complete the process in 180 days. Great news for the applicants who want to pursue their career in the teaching profession.

Higher education institutions have been asked to ensure that all vacant posts, along with reservations details, are uploaded on the online portal.

Fill up 3 Lakh Vacancies in the Upcoming 6 Months

The direction, issued by UGC secretary Rajnish Jain, asked all universities, colleges, and institutions deemed to be universities to “adhere to the guidelines in letter and spirit.” As per the guidelines, identification of vacancies, permission from competent authorities to fill them, and their advertisement should be done in the next 60 days. The Commission has asked the universities/ colleges/ institutions to conduct the interviews by October 2019, and get required approval and issue appointment letters by November 2019.

Higher education institutions have been asked to ‘ensure that all vacant posts, along with reservations details, are uploaded on the online portal, www. Nherc.in’ “The monitoring of the process would be done by MHRD and UGC through this portal,” said official. According to sources, MHRD has launched a portal to monitor the process.

A senior government official said the matter was decided during the first review meeting of higher education taken by new HRD minister Ramesh Pokhriyal on Monday.

02 June 2019

Joblessness Rises in the Country with higher Education Level - Latest Survey 2018-19


It’s now official: Joblessness rises with education level

New Delhi: Only 2.1% of illiterate urban men were unemployed in 2017-18, but 9.2% of men with at least secondary education didn’t have a job. The gap was wider among urban women—0.8% of those uneducated were jobless while 20% women with secondary or higher education were unemployed.

The Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS), released by the National Statistics Office (NSO) on Friday, shows the unemployment rate (% of labour force without a job) rising by up to 4 times between urban women who have only middle- school education and those educated up to secondary-school or more (see table). Unemployment in rural areas shows a similar pattern, though the degree of skewness is less.


The unemployment rate didn’t rise only with education level, it has also risen over time. The NSO’s release also provides unemployment data for 2004- 05, 2009-10 and 2011-12, adding a caution that past data should not be compared to 2017-18 figures because of several methodological changes introduced in the latest round of the survey.

Even if exact figures are not to be compared across the four years, the broad trend across time is of rise in joblessness with level of education. “It’s not a surprise. We have known of the rising phenomenon of educated unemployment for some time. It’s just an official confirmation,” Pronab Sen, former chief statistician of India, said.

Mahesh Vyas, CEO of Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy, says, “A generation ago, it was inconceivable to get a job in the organised sectors without a graduation degree. Today, the minimum education required to get a job in the organised sectors is much lower and is dropping.” CMIE has been conducting monthly job surveys since a few years.

The PLFS report has defined educated people as those who have attained an educational level of secondary and above. The study among the educated is restricted to people of the age of 15 years and above. Some experts believe 15 may be too young an age to check for employment status, especially in urban areas. “It is possible that the unemployment rate should be higher in younger age brackets as a typical educated urban youth may not even start working before 23 to 24 years—until he or she completes postgraduation,” says Soumya Kanti Ghosh, group chief economic adviser at State Bank of India. For the survey, people aged between 15 and 29 years were considered as youths.




25 March 2019

NEET Score To Be Valid For 3 Years - Good News for Medical Aspirants


NEET score to be valid for 3 years

 New rule will help students aspiring to study medicine in foreign universities as the scorecard will remain applicable for three years.

After making National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) mandatory for students aiming to pursue undergraduate medicine courses in foreign universities, Medical Council of India (MCI) has now put a three-year cap on the validity of NEET score.

“The result of NEET shall be valid for a period of three years from the date of declaration of result,” states the official circular issued by MCI. This will grant students more time to prepare and finalise an international university.

“This will entitle a candidate to pursue MBBS or equivalent medical course including pre-medical or language course, if any, followed by MBBS or equivalent medical course,” the statement further adds.

NEET score to be valid for 3 years


“The average admission process takes 6-12 months to get through in most institutes abroad. Sometimes managing finance and visa procedures also take time. For instance, if a student clears NEET this year but receives admission confirmation in a foreign university next year, there is ambiguity among students regarding eligibility with respect to NEET scores,” says VK Paul, chairman of MCI and member of National Institution for Transforming India (NITI Aayog).

“In the absence of this rule, students might have to go through the trouble of taking NEET all over again,” he says. Ease of admission, says Paul, is the prime focus of the decision.

“MCI wanted to address the issue with a pragmatic approach and hence, we have kept the limit of three years as the standard and format of NEET can change with time,” he adds. This rule, says Paul, will also address the issue of mismatch between the Indian academic sessions and admission cycles of foreign universities. “Unlike India, most of the international universities function on a semester basis and have admission intake twice a year. This will prevent students missing out on their admissions abroad,” he adds.

14 February 2019

NHAI Recruitment 2019 - NHAI Internship Scheme 2019 for Graduates, Post Graduates and Researchers


NATIONAL HIGHWAYS AUTHORITY OF INDIA

NHAI Internship Scheme 2019


Sub: NHAI Internship scheme for Academic Year 2019-2020 (1st July 2019 – 30th June 2020)
NHAI Department is inviting Internship applications from the scholars pursuing in their Graduation/Post-Graduation/Research from any documented University/Institution are invited for internship in NHAI for the year 2019-20. More information related to this NHAI Internship Scheme 2019 is given below in this article. You can apply for this scheme up to 31st March 2019.

The eligibility criteria and other features of the NAHI Internship scheme are as under:

(a) Currently studying in the final year or pre-final year/semester of their course.

(b) Should have obtained overall 70% marks or equivalent grade in all the previous yearly/semester examination and no backlogs (re-appears) of any subjects.

(c) Can apply for NHAI internship only once during one’s academic career.

Other Features Related to this NHAI Internship Scheme 2019:

NHAI Internship Scheme 2019
(a) The interns will be granted a stipend of Rs.5,000/- per month and the duration of internship shall be for a maximum period of 02 (two) months. The months of internship for the Academic Year 2019-20 (1st July 2019 – 30th June 2020) will be decided by NHAI.

(b) The selected applicant can be deployed at any place of work of NHAI (HQs/Regional Office/Project Implementation Unit) scattered all over the country.

(c) As the number of seats are limited, selection will be on ‘first-come, first served’ basis.

(d) Application can be filled and submitted by the concerned College/University/Institute. The “No Objection Certificate” (NOC) in the attached proforma needs to be uploaded while filling/submitting the application form.

(e) At the time of joining, selected applicant shall be required to produce original certificates, ID proof and a letter from their Supervisor/Head of Department/Principal, indicating their status in the institution.

(f) The list of selected applicants will be displayed on NHAI website only.

(g) Closing date of submission of application is 31.03.2019.

IMPORTANRT DATES

31ST March 2019 is the Last date to apply.

IMPORTANT LINKS


12 February 2019

No Age Benefit for 10% General quota for all competitive Government exam conducted by SSC and UPSC


No age benefit on for 10% quota

New Delhi, February 11, 2019:  The Centre has admitted that it is not granting any relaxation in age and attempts in competitive exams under the newly introduced quota for the economically weaker sections (EWS) of the general category, leaving lakhs of job aspirants in dismay. The supposed EWS beneficiaries see it as nothing more than a “stunt” of the Narendra Modi government ahead of the Lok Sabha elections.
They have initiated a social media campaign “#EWSJUMLA” demanding the upper age bar be raised to 35 years and nine attempts be provided in the Central government exams, including the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) civil service, on a par with the Other Backward Classes (OBCs). Ever since the 10 per cent reservation for financially disadvantaged of the general category was announced last month came into effect on January 14, the beneficiaries concerned have been apprehensive.

EWS job aspirants are demanding upper age bar be raised to 35 years and nine attempts be provided for central govt examinations

Their concerns got credence on Feb 6 with the Department of Personnel and Training’s reply to a civil service aspirant’s grievance seeking clarification on the benefits under the EWS, clearly stating that it is not considering giving “relaxation in age and number of attempts” to EWS candidates under the new reservation policy. 

The UPSC provides nine attempts to OBCs till 35 years and no bar or about 16 attempts from minimum allowed 22 years to 37 years to SC/ST candidates in civil service exams.


NOTE: We took this information from"The Tribune" Newspaper published on 12th Feb. 2019. 

30 January 2019

STEP BY STEP GUIDE FOR GATE EXAMINATION 2019 - MAKE THE RIGHT ATTEMPT FOR A SUCCESS

GATE Exam 2019-way to success
TESTING TIMES: GATE

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is a premier examination for graduate engineers who are aiming to secure a job in the PSUs or proceed for higher studies in IITs/ NITs, etc. These career defining goals of each aspirant are achieved with rigorous preparation and practice for more than 100 days. The GATE exam pattern comprises 65 questions and is divided into two sections — general aptitude (GA), which includes 10 questions and technical section, which has 55 questions.

GATE Exam

The technical section has about 20 questions in NAT format, while the remaining are MCQs. In all, candidates have 3 hours to answer the exam. In the GA section, question one to question five carry one mark, while question six to question 10 carry two marks. In the technical section, question one to question 25 carry one mark while question 26 to question 55 carry two marks. Negative marking for MCQ is 0.33 for one-mark questions and 0.66 for two marks questions. NAT questions do not have negative marking. Candidates should follow their desired method of attempting the question paper. Preparation for GATE is considered to be complete only once the exam is taken.


MAKE THE RIGHT ATTEMPT
Here are two ways to attempt the GATE exam and to maximize your score:

Common method
Solve the entire paper in one or two scans.

■ The procedure is: Click on each question, read the complete question, understand the question and answer it in the first attempt (without any guesses).

■ Always solve easy questions in minimum time in a single go.

■ Hard or lengthy questions can be kept for the second scan of the paper.

■ Answering any question should not take more than four to six minutes.

■ All the unsolved and reviewed questions must be attempted only in the second scan. 

Alternative method
■ Candidates are provided with a notepad, which is used for attempting and solving questions in GATE.

■ Candidates may treat this as an offline exam, where they can solve questions and answer them on the notepad with options.

■ After 100 or 120 minutes, candidates can start marking the answers on the online system in a single flow.

STEP BY STEP GUIDE
■ GATE exam includes more than 20 NAT questions, which do not have any options. So, there is always an uncertainty about the correct answer. Therefore, a candidate should spend more time on these questions, only if she is absolutely sure about the answers. Else, one can skip the questions and come back later.

■ Your aim should be to attempt more than 50 questions, which you are confident about.

■ Restrict your guesswork to a maximum of two-three questions only if you are able to eliminate two options in an MCQ.

■ You may guess the answer for NAT as these do not carry negative marks. Choice of section to attempt first: GA or technical section.

■ Generally, candidates have a tendency to begin from the very first question, therefore it is advised to first attempt GA section and secure at-least 10-12 marks from this section.

■ Also, the candidate can then focus on technical questions till the last second of the exam.

■ If a candidate is confident about technical section, she can proceed with it first, followed by the GA section.

10 January 2019

10% Government Jobs & Education quota for General Category Poor Candidates Almost Done 2019

10% quota for General Category Poor almost done

Parliament clears amendment Bill

Presidential approval next step before it becomes law


New Delhi, January 9: Parliament today approved amending the Constitution to provide 10 per cent reservation to General Category poor in jobs and education, with the government terming the landmark move a “slog over sixes”. A day after the Lok Sabha approved the Constitution (124th Amendment) Bill, 2019, the Rajya Sabha passed the law with 165 voting in favour and seven against. In the last leg of the legislative process, the Bill will now go to the President for approval. And once it gets his assent, it will become the law that will give economically weaker sections in the General Category 10 per cent reservation in education as well as Central and state government jobs.

The Bill was approved after the House rejected a motion moved by Kanimozhi (DMK) and supported by Left parties for sending it to a parliamentary select committee for scrutiny. Against 18 members supporting, 155 opposed it and one member abstained. The Bill was approved after the House rejected five amendments moved by Opposition members.

The quota will be over and above the existing 50 per cent reservation to SCs, STs and OBCs. Replying to the nearly eight-hour debate in the Rajya Sabha, Social Justice and Empowerment Minister Thawar Chand Gehlot asked Congress how it would have implemented the promise it made in its election manifesto of giving reservation to poor of General Category but by amending the Constitution.
10% Government Jobs & Education quota for General Category Poor Candidates

He said reservation to SC, ST and OBCs would not be touched by the amendment and Opposition parties should have supported the legislation, but without any ifs and buts. The changes in the Constitution being made to provide the reservation will hold scrutiny of the Supreme Court, he hoped. “Filling up of jobs reserved for SC/STs and OBCs is an ongoing process,” he said, adding: “The Bill is an attempt to benefit poor of General Category who have been deprived so far.” While the Opposition questioned the motive behind bringing the legislation just four months before the General Election, Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad used cricketing analogy to justify the move: “Sixes are hit only in the slog overs and more are in the pipeline.”

Disclaimer: This news has been shared in every newspaper, but we took this information from " The Tribune Newspaper" published on 10th Jan. 2019. So all the Rights of above information goes to this newspaper only.


09 January 2019

Basic Employability Skills List - Good Job Skills are Critical for Future Employment

Employability Skills List

Good Job Skills

Employability Skill Improvement to Grab A Good Job in Future


In this article we are going to share some basic employability skills list with you readers to grab a good job in future. Everyone of us should know about these basic employability skills before getting ready for a professional careers.  Looking ahead at 2019 and beyond, is not just about jobs and careers of the future, but more about how we should prepare ourselves for what could be a completely different world 10 years hence! Ten years ago, Facebook didn’t exist, nor did WhatsApp! Ten years before that, we didn’t have the Web. Yet today everyone is on a roller coaster speeding ahead to a world where nothing is predictable, nor impossible. But what is apparent is that good job skills won’t disappear — they will be re-defined, requiring new skill list. The idea that you get an education when you're young and then you stop and you go and work for 40 or 50 years with that educational training and that’s over for sure now. All of us are going to have to continue to adapt, get new employability skills, and possibly go back for different types of training and credentials.
Employability Skills List

Moreover, the skills set needed for jobs in the future are changing along with the advancing technology and the digital world. In fact, soft skills like communication, problem-solving, collaboration and empathy are becoming as much valued as tech savviness. In such a world, how do we prepare ourselves for the jobs of the unknown future ? We can do that by focusing today's learning towards employability skills required for an evolving and super charged tomorrow:


Social Skills – Communication

It isn't enough just doing engineering, or some technical course, the better technology gets, the more people will have to focus on their "human skills" to survive in the workforce. As computers get more intelligent, the work that will take over will require human skills like leadership, motivation and emotional intelligence. In fact overall social skills such as persuasion, and teaching others will be in demand across industries, as will cognitive abilities, such as creativity and mathematical reasoning, communication and complex problem solving capabilities.

Equally important is Social Intelligence : The ability to connect with others in a deep and direct way to sense and stimulate reactions and desired interactions ; Cross cultural competence - the ability to operate in different cultural settings; and trans- disciplnary intelligence - literacy in and ability to understand concepts across multiple disciplines.

Technology skills:

Starting with solid technology skills, essential for every student — Digital literacy skills. The digital transformation impacts every industry, and being able to befriend the “machine” is one of the most critical of skills. Just knowing programming languages is not enough. Even today the maximum jobs being lost are in the IT services sector, where applications are being moved to the cloud, and the focus is on machine learning, Internet of Things (IoT) and data analytics. The ability to embrace technology and machines is about the ability to get stuff done, about knowing the tools and how to use them. They also involve using social media, working with design or video editing software and knowing programming languages. Some skills that could be useful in a future technology-driven world:

Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning: AI is becoming essential for acquiring, storing, transferring and managing the huge amounts of data produced today. AI and machine learning scientists can work within a variety of settings, including private companies, technology companies, production and manufacturing, healthcare, transportation, customer service, finance, construction, government agencies and defence.

Coding : An increasing number of businesses are relying on computer code, particularly those involving Information Technology, Data Analysis, design, engineering and pure science.

Digital Marketing: More and more companies are moving their marketing into the digital space for greater reach and access to the needs of customers, their usage of websites and search engines and to optimize online marketing initiatives.

Design thinking: Accelerated rates of technological and social change will require more workers to focus on problem finding and problem framing, rather than simply problem solving. Design thinking introduces methods of problem finding and problem framing in the pursuit of emergent innovation. Some ways to develop or improve your technology skills include:
■ Take up a short or online course in the IT skills you wish to develop
■ Find out what technology will be used in the job you want and how it's used
■ Take up extra training at work

Tips to boost Basic employability Skills
■ Learn a new language - bilingual employees have a definite advantage in today's global world.

■Whenever possible, participate in college activities and be a part of the organising committee for college events. These initiatives will teach you values of team work, leadership skills, communication skills and will go a long way in preparing you for the future.

■ Take up a summer internship while you are still studying so that you get hands-on experience of the workings of an industry. This will be taken into account by your hiring manager and will give you an edge over other candidates.

■ It is vital to keep an open mind and keep learning, throughout your career. Maintain a lifelong learning outlook. It will certainly help improve your employability.

Critical thinking & complex problem-solving Although we strongly rely on automated technology for some parts of our work, there are some things a computer just cannot do, such as make executive decisions for us. The Information Age requires a brand-new set of skills involving statistics, probability, cost-benefit analysis, principles of cognitive psychology, logic and dialectical reasoning. You need these skills to be able to constantly analyze various situations, consider multiple solutions and make decisions through logic and reasoning.

Problem-solving is a skill we should all possess but as the world advances, we'll be faced with even more difficulties than ever before. In order to find solutions to these problems, you need to have the mental flexibility and proficiency of thinking outside the box, to see the bigger picture and come up with solutions and responses. It involves being able to use a logical process to figure things out. Start expanding your brain power and tackling a few issues that have been lingering, and you'll be fully prepared for the future.

Some ways to develop adaptability/Employability skills: Start in small ways like changing your route to work, saying 'yes' to something you might normally say 'no' to automatically, or trying a different and unfamiliar food Look for opportunities to try new things that will keep you learning- learn a new skill, make new friends, try a new type of food, take the initiative for starting something new in your college, community. Whenever you encounter a new challenge, make a quick list of some of the potential ways you could solve the problem. Experiment with different strategies and focus on developing a logical way to work through common problems Undertake exercises that encourage you to work out several COAs (Courses of action) for hypothetical challenging situations. Every one should have a Good Job skill to satisfy his/her role in the organization. So every one should work on these basic Employability Skills to increase their job scope.